ORIGINAL PAPER
Validity and reliability of the Polish version of the Short Hopelessness Scale
 
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University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Submission date: 2019-11-08
Final revision date: 2019-11-26
Acceptance date: 2019-11-28
Online publication date: 2020-01-03
Publication date: 2020-01-03
 
Health Psychology Report 2020;8(4):445–452
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
Background:
The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Short Hopeless-ness Scale in an undergraduate student sample. The scale was originally developed as a brief measure of hopelessness for large scale epidemiological surveys and is based on two commonly used measures of hope-lessness.

Participants and procedure:
A total of 4098 students from different Polish universities took part in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the model fit. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to investigate the relationship between hopelessness scale and criterion variables.

Results:
Due to the lack of fit of the initial congeneric, unidimensional model, the lowest loading item was removed, and a tau-equivalent model with three items was tested. The tau-equivalent model showed a good fit to the data. The scale had adequate reliability. Hopelessness was positively related to anxiety, depression, and stress and negatively related to the quality of life, health, and self-esteem.

Conclusions:
The study provides evidence of good psychometric properties in terms of factorial structure, reliability and crite-rion validity of the shortened 3-item Polish version of a hopelessness scale. Future studies should investigate its predictive value, especially in terms of suicidal ideation and behaviour, as well as other health outcomes.

 
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