SHORT REPORT
The relationship between individual, social and national coping resources and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands
 
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Health and Society, Social Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Submission date: 2020-05-19
Final revision date: 2020-08-10
Acceptance date: 2020-08-28
Online publication date: 2020-09-16
Publication date: 2020-09-16
 
Health Psychology Report 2021;9(2):186–192
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
The COVID-19 pandemic has a potential negative impact on mental health. Adopting the salutogenic model of health, this study examined the predictive value of personal (sense of coherence), social (social support, trust in institutions), and national (sense of national coherence) resources for mental health in the Netherlands during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Participants and procedure:
An online survey was administered in the Netherlands (N = 622) in April 2020. A multiple regression analysis was performed to test the predictive value of the resources for mental health.

Results:
Mental health was significantly predicted by the sense of coherence, social support and sense of national co-herence, but not by trust in institutions. The results showed that personal and social resources were most strongly related to mental health.

Conclusions:
The results suggest that mental health is predicted by various resources. Hence, strengthening resources seems vital in promoting mental health in times of crisis.

 
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