Socioeconomic status and mental health during the COVID-19 crisis: Are sense of coherence, sense of community coherence and sense of national coherence predictors for mental health?
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Health and Society, Social Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands
Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands
Faculty of Health, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Submission date: 2021-12-03
Final revision date: 2022-01-25
Acceptance date: 2022-03-09
Online publication date: 2022-03-21
Publication date: 2022-03-21
Health Psychology Report 2022;10(2):149–155
Evidence about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on existing health inequalities is emerging. This study explored dif-ferences in mental health, sense of coherence (SOC), sense of community coherence (SOCC), sense of national coherence (SONC), and social support between low and high socioeconomic (SES) groups, and the predictive value of these predictors for mental health.

Material and methods:
A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey in the Netherlands in October 2021, comprising a total of 91 respondents (n = 41, low SES; n = 50, high SES).

There were no differences in mental health, SOC, SOCC, SONC, and social support between the groups. SOC was a predictor for mental health in both groups and SOCC for the low SES group.

We found that both SOC and SOCC predict mental health during the pandemic. In the article we reflect on possible path-ways for strengthening these resources for mental health.

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