SHORT REPORT
Predictive risk factors for post-traumatic stress symptoms among nurses during the Italian acute COVID-19 outbreak
 
More details
Hide details
1
University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Submission date: 2020-08-06
Final revision date: 2020-10-08
Acceptance date: 2020-10-08
Online publication date: 2020-11-27
Publication date: 2020-11-27
 
Health Psychology Report 2021;9(2):180–185
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
The aim of the study was to investigate the posttraumatic stress disorder risk in nurses, detecting the relation-ship between distress experience and personality dimensions in the Italian acute COVID-19 outbreak. The study is an observational study conducted in March 2020.

Participants and procedure:
Mental screening was carried out in the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology on N = 36 nurses in the age range 22-64 years (M = 37.30, SD = 12.60). 76.3% were working in nursing care with confirmed COVID-19 patients; 47.4% of nurses worked in a high COVID-19 rate environment, whereas 52.6% worked in a low COVID-19 rate environment.

Results:
The results confirm relation between anxiety and peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress; also anx-iety is positively correlated with the agreeableness variable. Our finding was obtained in an acute Italian COVID-19 outbreak and measured and quantified the psychological response of nurses in terms of anxiety as an early reaction for emotional distress and high risk for posttraumatic stress disorders; the personality dimen-sions did not mediate the emotional distress or the probable risk for posttraumatic stress disorder. Nurses ap-peared to be exposed to mental distress and needed help.

Conclusions:
The results evidenced the need to carry out a mental health program for health workers (especially nursing professionals).

 
REFERENCES (9)
1.
Beaufort, I. N., De Weert-Van Oene, G. H., Buwalda, V. A. J., de Leeuw, J. R. J., & Goudriaan, A. E. (2017). The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) as a screener for depression in sub-stance use disorder inpatients: a pilot study. European Addiction Research, 23, 260–268. https://doi.org/10.1159/000485....
 
2.
Bhagavathula, A. S., Aldhaleei, W. A., Rahmani, J., Mahabadi, M. A., & Bandari, D. K. (2020). Knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19 among health care workers: Cross-sectional study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 6, e19160. https://doi.org/10.2196/19160.
 
3.
Greenberg, N., Docherty, M., Gnanapragasam, S., & Wessely, S. (2020). Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during covid-19 pandemic. British Medical Journal, 368, m1211. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1....
 
4.
Guido, G., Peluso, A. M., Capestro, M., & Miglietta, M. (2015). An Italian version of the 10‐item Big Five Inventory: an application to hedonic and utilitarian shopping values. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 135–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid....
 
5.
Lai, J., Ma, S., Wang, Y., Cai, A., Hu, J., Wei, N., Wu, J., Du, H., Chen, T., Li, R., Tan, H., Kang, L., Yao, L., Huang, M., Wang, H., Wang, G., Liu, Z., & Hu, S. (2020). Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Network Open, 3, e203976. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamane....
 
6.
Marmar, C. R., Weiss, D. S., & Metzler, T. J. (1997). The Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Ques-tionnaire. In J. P. Wilson & T. M. Keane (Eds.), Assessing psychological trauma and PTSD (pp. 412–428). Guildford Press.
 
7.
Rossi, R., Socci, V., Pacitti, F., Di Lorenzo, G., Di Marco, A., Siracusano, A., & Rossi, A. (2020). Mental health outcomes among frontline and second-line health care workers during the corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Italy. JAMA Network Open, 3, e2010185. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamane....
 
8.
Weiss, D. S. (2007). The Impact of Event Scale: Revised. In J. P. Wilson & C. S. Tang (Eds.), Cross-cultural assessment of psychological trauma and PTSD (pp. 219–238). Springer.
 
9.
Zhang, W. R., Wang, K., Yin, L., Zhao, W. F., Xue, Q., Peng, M., Min, B. Q., Tian, Q., Leng, H. X., Du, J. L., Chang, H., Yang, Y., Li, W., Shangguan, F. F., Yan, T. Y., Dong, H. Q., Han, Y., Wang, Y. P., Cosci, F., & Wang, H. X. (2020). Mental health and psychosocial problems of medical health workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 89, 242–250. https://doi.org/10.1159/000507....
 
eISSN:2353-5571
ISSN:2353-4184