ORIGINAL PAPER
Consumerism at work and its relationship to employees’ personal goals, self-concept clarity, well-being and growth mindset
 
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Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Submission date: 2020-05-18
Final revision date: 2020-08-26
Acceptance date: 2020-08-26
Online publication date: 2020-10-28
Publication date: 2020-10-28
 
Health Psychology Report 2021;9(4):358–371
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Consumerism at work is a new concept. It is linked to materialism and consumption experience, which is why its relations with people’s well-being, self-concept clarity, life aspirations and growth mindset are not obvious. The phenomenon can be manifested as obtaining documents confirming acquired qualifications and profes-sional experience by frequent changes of workplace not motivated by a real need, but rather a desire of collect-ing. Consumerism at work consists of three dimensions: external attestation of competence, orientation to-wards self-improvement and exploratory orientation, which are related to extrinsic motivation. It is a phenomenon observed contemporarily and may be attributable to changes in the labor market.

Participants and procedure:
The aim of the article is to explore consumerism at work and to examine the relationship between the phenom-enon, employees’ personal goals, self-concept clarity, well-being and growth mindset. For that purpose, two studies were conducted among employees using a paper-pencil survey. There were 206 participants in the first study and 91 in the second one. In the new method, the Consumerism at Work Scale, the Aspirations Index, the Self-Concept Clarity Scale, the Growth Mindset Questionnaire and Ultra-Short Scales for measuring subjective well-being were used.

Results:
The study results show that consumerism at work is negatively related to self-concept clarity and positively re-lated to extrinsic goals. Nonetheless, there are no relations between consumerism at work, well-being and a growth mindset.

Conclusions:
It can be concluded that consumerism at work is a negative phenomenon in the context of employee’s self-concept clarity, and that it is associated with materialistic goals, while it is not related to growth mindset and well-being.

 
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