The Polish adaptation of the Five-Factor Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory – Short Form (FFOCI-SF): A preliminary study
More details
Hide details
Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2018-12-20
Final revision date: 2019-03-06
Acceptance date: 2019-03-07
Online publication date: 2019-04-08
Publication date: 2019-04-08
Health Psychology Report 2019;7(2):165-175
The Five-Factor Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory – Short Form (FFOCI-SF) is an instrument used to measure obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, which is one of the most widespread personality disorders. The FFOCI-SF is a shorter version of the FFOCI that was developed on the basis of the Five Factor Model of per-sonality treated as a general framework for identifying different traits useful in describing maladaptive person-ality. This paper presents the psychometric parameters of the Polish adaptation of the FFOCI-SF.

Participants and procedure:
Our sample consisted of 328 respondents aged 18-75 (61% women) from Poland. The voluntary and anony-mous procedure consisted of completing inventories in a self-reported, paper-and-pencil way. The respondents received the FFOCI-SF, the Personal Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2).

The findings suggest that there is acceptable internal consistency for most of the scales and some problems with the differentiation between some scales in factor analysis. Additionally, we present the hierarchical struc-ture of the facets included in the instrument with two factors analogous to the metatraits of personality (Alpha and Beta). The criterion validity of the inventory was established by correlations on the one hand with Big Five traits (BFI-2) and on the other hand with another measure of the obsessive-compulsive personality disorder traits, namely appropriate scales from the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5).

This study confirms that the FFOCI-SF is a valid measure for scientific purposes. In order to use it for diagnostic purposes, further research is suggested on clinical samples. The findings also suggest that the FFOCI-SF can be useful in exploring new solutions in structure of the obsessive-compulsive personality disorder facets.

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Baer, L. (1994). Factor analysis of symptom subtypes of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and their relationship to personality and tic disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 55, 18–23.
Cain, N. M., Ansell, E. B., Simpson, H. B., & Pinto, A. (2015). Interpersonal functioning in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97, 90–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/002238....
Cieciuch, J., & Strus, W. (2017). The Two-Factor Model of personality. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences (pp. 1–16). Basel: Springer International Publishing AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-....
Coid, J., Yang, M., Tyrer, P., Roberts, A., & Ullrich, S. (2006). Prevalence and correlates of personality disorder in Great Britain. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 423–431. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.18....
Colman, A. M. (2009). Słownik psychologii [Dictionary of psychology]. Warszawa: PWN.
Costa, P., Samuels, J., Bagby, M., Daffin, L., & Norton, H. (2005) Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: a review. In M. Maj, H. S. Akiskal, J. E. Mezzich, & A. Okasha (Eds.), Personality Disorders (pp. 405–477). New York: Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/047009....
Crego, C., Samuel, D. B., & Widiger, T. A. (2014). The FFOCI and other measures and models of OCPD. Assessment, 22, 135–151. https://doi.org/10.1177/107319....
Decuyper, M., De Pauw, S., De Fruyt, F., De Bolle, M., & De Clercq, B. J. (2009). A meta-analysis of psychopathy-, antisocial PD- and FFM associations. European Journal of Personality, 23, 531–565. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.72....
DeYoung, C. G. (2015). Cybernetic Big Five theory. Journal of Research in Personality, 56, 33–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.....
Fox, D. (2013). The Clinician’s Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Personality Disorders. Eau Claire, WI: PESI Publishing & Media.
Freud, S. (1959). Character and anal erotism. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 9, pp. 169–175). London: Hogarth Press (Original work published 1908).
Glover, N., Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Crego, C., & Widiger, T. A. (2012). The Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory: A Five-Factor Measure of Narcissistic Personality Traits. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 500–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/002238....
Goldberg, L. R. (2006). Doing it all Bass-Ackwards: The development of hierarchical factor structures from the top down. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 347–358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jr....
Griffin, S. A., Suzuki, T., Lynam, D. R., Crego, C., Widiger, T. A., Miller, J. D., & Samuel, D. B. (2018). Development and Examination of the Five-Factor Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Short Form. Assessment, 25, 56–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/107319....
Grilo, C. M. (2004). Factor structure of DSM–IV criteria for obsessive–compulsive personality disorder in patients with binge eating disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109, 64–69. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0001....
Hummelen, B., Wilberg, T., Pedersen, G., & Karterud, S. (2008). The quality of the DSM–IV obsessive-compulsive personality disorder construct as a prototype category. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 196, 446–455. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b....
Krueger, R. F., Derringer, J., Markon, K. E., Watson, D., & Skodol, A. E. (2012). Initial Construction of a Maladaptive Personality Trait Model and Inventory for DSM-5. Psychological Medicine, 42, 1879–1890. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00332....
Lindal, E., & Stefansson, J. G. (2009). The prevalence of personality disorders in the Greater-Reykjavik area. Laeknabladid, 95, 179–184.
Livesley, J. W., & Larstone, R. (2018). Handbook of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research and Treatment (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Lynam, D. R., & Widiger, T. A. (2001). Using the Five factor model to represent the DSM-IV personality disorders: An expert consensus approach. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 401–412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021....
Magnavita, J. J. (Ed.). (2004). Handbook of Personality Disorders. Theory and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Markon, E., Krueger, R., & Watson, D. (2005). Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal Personality: An integrative hierarchical approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 139–157. https:/doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.88.1.139.
Marras, A., Fineberg, N., & Pallanti, S. (2016). Obsessive compulsive and related disorders: Comparing DSM-5 and ICD-11. CNS Spectrums, 21, 324–333. https://doi.org/10.1017/S10928....
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (2008). The five-factor theory of personality. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality. Theory and research (3rd ed., pp. 159–181). New York: Guilford Press.
Moser, J. S., Slane, J. D., Burt, S. A., & Klump, K. L. (2012). Etiologic relationships between anxiety and dimensions of maladaptive perfectionism in young adult female twins. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 47–53. https://doi.org/10.1002/Da.208....
Oldham, J. M., Skodol, A. E., & Bender, D. S. (2014). The American Psychiatric Publishing textbook of personality disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Rowiński, T., Kowalska-Dąbrowska, M., Strus, W., Cieciuch, J., Czuma, I., Żechowski, C., Markon, K. E., & Krueger, R. F. (2019a). Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5. Part I – theoretical foundations. Psychiatria Polska, 53, 7–22. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/On....
Rowiński, T., Kowalska-Dąbrowska, M., Strus, W., Cieciuch, J., Czuma, I., Żechowski, C., Markon, K. E., & Krueger, R. F. (2019b). Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5. Part II – empirical results. Psychiatria Polska, 53, 23–48. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/On....
Samuel, D. B., Riddell, A. D. B., Lynam, D. R., Miller, J. D., & Widiger, T. A. (2012). A five-factor measure of obsessive-compulsive personality traits. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94, 456–465. https://doi.org/10.1080/002238....
Samuel, D. B., & Widiger, T. A. (2011). Conscientiousness and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory Research and Treatment, 2, 161–174. https://doi.org/10.1037/A00212....
Schneider, B., Wetterling, T., Sargk, D., Schneider, F., Schnabel, A., Maurer, K., & Fritze, J. (2006). Axis I disorders and personality disorders as risk factors for suicide. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256, 17–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406....
Soto, C. J., & John, O. P. (2017). The next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and assessing a hierarchical model with 15 facets to enhance bandwidth, fidelity, and predictive power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113, 117–143. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp00....
Sperry, L. (2016). Handbook of the diagnosis and treatment of DSM-5 personality disorders. New York: Routledge.
Strus, W., & Cieciuch, J. (2017). Towards a synthesis of personality, temperament, motivation, emotion and mental health models within the Circumplex of Personality Metatraits. Journal of Research in Personality, 66, 70–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.....
Strus, W., Cieciuch, J., & Rowiński, T. (2014). The Circumplex of Personality Metatraits: A synthesizing model of personality based on the Big Five. Review of General Psychology, 18, 273–286. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr000....
Strus, W., Rowiński, T., Cieciuch, J., Kowalska-Dąbrowska, M., Czuma, I., & Żechowski, C. (2017). The Pathological Big Five: An attempt to build a bridge between the psychiatric classification of personality disorders and the trait model of normal personality. Roczniki Psychologiczne, 20, 451–472. https://doi.org/10.18290/rpsyc....
Torgersen, S. (2009). Prevalence, sociodemographics, and functional impairment. In J. M. Oldham, A. E. Skodol, & D. S. Bender (Eds.), Essentials of personality disorders (pp. 83–102). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Watson, H. J., Raykos, B. C., Street, H., Fursland, A., & Nathan, P. R. (2011). Mediators between perfectionism and eating disorder psychopathology: Shape and weight overvaluation and conditional goal-setting. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 44, 142–149. https://doi.org/10.1002/ Eat.20788.
Widiger, T. (Ed.). (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.
Widiger, T. A., & Simonsen, E. (2005). Alternative dimensional models of personality disorder: Finding a common ground. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19, 110–130. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.1....
Widiger, T. A., Trull, T. J., Clarkin, J. F., Sanderson, C., & Costa, P. T. (2002). A description of DSM-IV personality disorders with the Five-factor model of personality. In P. T. Costa & T. A. Widiger (Eds.), Personality disorders and the Five-factor model of personality (2nd ed., pp. 89–99). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1042....
Zawadzki, B. (2016). Gamma i Delta w ujęciu Kołowego Modelu Metacech Osobowości a przekonania w zaburzeniach osobowości [Gamma and Delta in the Circumplex of Personality Metatraits and beliefs in personality disorders]. In A. Rynkiewicz, K. S. Jankowski, & W. Oniszczenko (Eds.), Wybrane metody i paradygmaty badawcze w psychologii [Selected methods and paradigms of research in psychology] (pp. 203–220). Warszawa: WN Scholar.
Zawadzki, B. (2017). The location of personality disorders in the Circumplex of Personality Metatraits. Roczniki Psychologiczne, 20, 473–512. https://doi.org/10.18290/rpsyc....
Copyright: © Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk This is an Open Access journal, all articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top