Resiliency and subjective health assessment. Moderating role of selected psychosocial variables
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Department of Psychopathology and Clinical Diagnosis, Casimir the Great University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
Submission date: 2015-04-13
Final revision date: 2015-06-11
Acceptance date: 2015-06-12
Online publication date: 2015-12-30
Publication date: 2015-12-30
Health Psychology Report 2016;4(2):137–145
Resiliency is defined as a relatively permanent personality trait, which may be assigned to the category of health resources. The aim of this study was to determine conditions in which resiliency poses a significant health resource (moderation), thereby broadening knowledge of the specifics of the relationship between resiliency and subjective health assessment.

Participants and procedure
The study included 142 individuals. In order to examine the level of resiliency, the Assessment Resiliency Scale (SPP-25) by N. Ogińska-Bulik and Z. Juczyński was used. Participants evaluated subjective health state by means of an analogue-visual scale. Additionally, in the research the following moderating variables were controlled: sex, objective health status, having a partner, professional activity and age. These data were obtained by personal survey.

The results confirmed the relationship between resiliency and subjective health assessment. Multiple regression analysis revealed that sex, having a partner and professional activity are significant moderators of associations between level of resiliency and subjective health evaluation. However, statistically significant interaction effects for health status and age as a moderator were not observed.

Resiliency is associated with subjective health assessment among adults, and selected socio-demographic features (such as sex, having a partner, professional activity) moderate this relationship. This confirms the significant role of resiliency as a health resource and a reason to emphasize the benefits of enhancing the potential of individuals for their psychophysical wellbeing. However, the research requires replication in a more homogeneous sample.
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