ORIGINAL PAPER
Psychological profiles of patients with multiple sclerosis based on Hobfoll’s conservation of resources theory
 
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Department of Health Psychology and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland
Submission date: 2016-02-13
Final revision date: 2016-04-14
Acceptance date: 2016-04-16
Online publication date: 2016-05-23
Publication date: 2016-05-20
 
Health Psychology Report 2016;4(4):332–339
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background
The psychological perspective plays a crucial role in designing therapy for people suffering from multiple sclerosis. The aim of the article is to distinguish different psychological profiles of patients.

Participants and procedure
The study was conducted using the paper-and-pencil method on 77 patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The theory we applied was Hobfoll’s conservation of resources theory. We also analyzed the impact of personal and situational variables on the functioning of patients with different kinds of resources.


Results
Cluster analysis was used to construct the profiles of patients. Based on statistical analyses using the k-means method, we distinguished: Profile 1, with a prevalence of resource losses (n = 30), Profile 2, covering people who value their resources the most (n = 25), and Profile 3, with a prevalence of resource gains (n = 18).

Conclusions
The obtained psychological profiles reflect the varied dynamics of the patients’ functioning and should inspire an improvement of multidisciplinary rehabilitation.
 
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