In quest of the longest-lasting and most annoying pain for patients and for dentists. Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of temporomandibular myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome – a questionnaire study
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Submission date: 2017-07-11
Final revision date: 2018-01-31
Acceptance date: 2018-02-01
Online publication date: 2018-05-22
Publication date: 2018-05-22
Health Psychology Report 2018;6(3):222–242
Dysfunctions in the face, due to the psychological importance of the structures in the face and head, have long been a subject of interest for researchers exploring issues concerning health-related quality of life. The surprising results of previous clinical trials for myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome of the temporomandibular joints encouraged the present authors to plan a study focused on obtaining systematic knowledge of the issue.

Participants and procedure:
The study included 26 patients of the Masticatory System Disorders Laboratory of the Dental Prosthetic Clinic at the Jagiellonian University Medical College diagnosed with the painful form of muscle-related functional masticatory organ disorders. The study was part of a larger research project. The data to be analysed for this article was obtained in the course of a single questionnaire survey conducted prior to the start of the treatment process.

The results showed the quantitative characteristics of pain experiences in the clinical group, observed in the context of the circadian dynamics, psychophysical factors, and the location of pain, as well as their quality characteristics. The analyses showed negative covariances of the quality of life perceived by patients and the length of periods without pain, pain intensifying factors, and emotional image of pain. The strongest pain experienced by the patients negatively correlated with the quality of life related to the sphere of physical pain and mental distress, whereas the weakest pain correlated with the quality of life related to the social sphere. The lower quality of life occurred together with the frontal, zygomatic, mental, parotideomasseteric, and occipital region.

It is necessary to further analyse the issue on a larger sample in order to explain and clarify the obtained results.

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