ORIGINAL PAPER
A classroom-based physical activity intervention for adolescents: Is there an effect on self-efficacy, physical activity, and on-task behavior?
 
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1
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, United States
2
University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, United States
Submission date: 2020-06-03
Final revision date: 2020-08-12
Acceptance date: 2020-08-13
Online publication date: 2020-09-16
Publication date: 2020-09-16
 
Health Psychology Report 2020;8(4):408–427
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Classroom-based physical activity is a newly explored avenue for providing physical activity opportunities to children within the school, but it is one that is showing academic gains in areas such as on-task behavior. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of pedal desks placed in high school classrooms. Three main objectives were examined: 1) the possible increase in physical activity self-efficacy among high school stu-dents in the classroom, 2) the effectiveness of pedal desks on increased physical activity among high school students, and 3) the impact of pedal desks on increasing classroom on-task behavior.

Participants and procedure:
Participants included 114 high school students in a traditional high school setting. All of the students were en-rolled in two Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) teachers’ classrooms. The design was quasi-experimental. Two teachers and their respective classes were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. The study included a baseline and 2 waves. Researchers gathered demographic information of stu-dents, as well as pre- and post-data on self-efficacy and physical activity participation. On-task behavior of stu-dents was also recorded daily by researchers via momentary time sampling.

Results:
The results indicated significance for self-efficacy confidence but not barriers to physical activity participation. When examining whether self-efficacy could be connected to student heart rate, no significance was found. However, treatment students did improve their mean heart rates from baseline to treatment. This increase was significantly greater when compared to the control group.

Conclusions:
This study indicates that pedal desks may be one means for feasibly increasing light physical activity during the school day. This study suggests that self-efficacy for exercise can be increased and that light intensity physical activity levels may be raised through placing pedal desks in a high school classroom. Limitations are dis-cussed.

 
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