Similarities and differences in values between Vietnamese parents and adolescents
More details
Hide details
Submission date: 2015-04-10
Final revision date: 2015-05-13
Acceptance date: 2015-05-13
Online publication date: 2015-07-13
Publication date: 2015-07-13
Health Psychology Report 2015;3(4):281-291
The purpose of this study was to analyse similarities and differences in the motivational value system of Vietnamese parents and adolescents, in the context of Schwartz’s value theory. Also, the transmission of values between two generations was studied.
Participants and procedure
The study was performed in three different cities of Vietnam – Hanoi, Hue and Ho Chi Minh City – on adolescents, their fathers and mothers (N = 2226). The hierarchy of values was measured with a Vietnamese version of the Portrait Value Questionnaire (PVQ-40). Additionally, expectations of parents toward children and preferences of children were measured with a list of 28 features and attitudes prepared for the study.
The results show that both parents and their adolescent children highly respect universalism, conformity, and benevolence in contrast to power and stimulation, which is still typical for a collectivistic culture. The differences arise in higher-order values: while parents value conservatism (security, conformity and tradition), their children prefer more openness to change (self-direction and hedonism) values, which is typical for a more individualistic culture. The results also reveal that parents in Vietnam expect and transfer to children some attitudes and features such as studiousness, filial piety and diligence, but not riskiness, desire or humour. Although adolescents are aware of their parents’ expectations, they do not fully accept them.
The results provide hints for parents to plan their strategy on appropriate education of their children, in the current context of global integration and cultural changes.
Ambert, A. M. (1992). The effect of children on parents. New York: Haworth Press.
Anh, D. D. (2000). General history of Vietnamese culture (Viet Nam van hoa su cuong). Hanoi: Vietnam Writers’ Association Publishing House.
Barni, D. (2009). Trasmettere valori. Tre generazioni familiari a confronto [Transmitting values. A comparison between three family generations]. Milano: Unicopli.
Barni, D., & Ranieri, S. (2010). La trasmissione dei valori in famiglia: una misura diadica della similarità tra genitori e figli [Value transmission in the family: a dyadic measure of parent-child value similarity]. In: C. Galimberti & G. Scaratti (eds.), Epistemologie della complessità nella ricerca psicologica [Epistemologies of complexity in psychological research] (pp. 63-95). Milano: Contributi di Psicologia.
Barni, D., Ranieri, S., Scabini, E., & Rosnati, R. (2011). Value transmission in the family: do adolescents accept the values their parents want to transmit? Journal of Moral Education, 40, 105-121.
Cashmore, J. A., & Goodnow, J. J. (1985). Agreement between generations: A two-process approach. Child Development, 56, 493-501.
Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., & Feldman, M. (1981). Cultural transmission and evolution: a quantitative approach. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton.
Grusec, J. E., & Goodnow, J. J. (1994). Impact of parental discipline methods on the child’s internalization of values: A reconceptualization of current points of view. Developmental Psychology, 30, 4-19.
Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2001). Value socialization in families of Israeli-born and Soviet-born adolescents in Israel. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 213-228.
Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2004). Identity formation and parent–child value congruence in adolescence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22, 439-458.
Kohn, M. L., Slomczynski, K. M., & Schoenbach, C. (1986). Social stratification and the transmission of values in the family: A cross-national assessment. Sociological Forum, 1, 73-102.
Kuczynski, L., & Hildebrandt, N. (1997) Models of conformity and resistance in socialization theory. In: J. E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (eds.), Parenting and children’s internalization of values: a handbook of contemporary theory (pp. 227-256). New York: Wiley.
Kuczynski, L., Marshall, S., & Schell, K. (1997). Value socialization in a bidirectional context. In: J. E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (eds.), Parenting and the internalization of values: A handbook of contemporary theory (pp. 23-50). New York: Wiley.
Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.
Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In: J. Adelson (ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley.
Okagaki, L., & Bevis, C. (1999). Transmission of religious values: Relations between parents’ and daughters’ beliefs. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 160, 303-318.
Padilla-Walker, L. (2007) Characteristics of mother-child interactions related to adolescents’ positive values and behaviors. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 675-686.
Różycka-Tran, J., Truong, T. K. H., Cieciuch, J., & Schwartz, S. H. (2015). Universals and Specifics of the Structure and Hierarchy of Basic Human Values in Vietnam. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology (in revision).
Różycka-Tran, J., Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M., & Truong, T. K. H. (2013). Schwartz’ personal and cultural values in Polish and Vietnamese cultures. Psychologia Społeczna, 4, 396-407.
Scabini, E., Marta, E., & Lanz, M. (2006). The transition to adulthood and family relations. An intergenerational perspective. London: Psychology Press.
Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In: M. P. Zanna (ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, 25 (pp. 1-65). New York: Academic Press.
Schwartz, S. H. (2006). A theory of cultural value orientations: explication and applications. Comparative Sociology, 5, 137-182. DOI: 10.1163/ 156913306778667357.
Schwartz, S. H., & Bardi, A. (2001). Value hierarchies across cultures: Taking a similarities perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 268-290.
Schwartz, S. H., Melech, G., Lehmann, A., Burgess, S., & Harris, M. (2001). Extending the cross-cultural validity of the theory of basic human values with a different method of measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 519-542.
Tran Dinh Huou. (1994). About finding out national cultural identity. To modernity from tradition. Hanoi: Culture Publishing House.
Tran Ngoc Them. (2004). Research on the Identity of Vietnamese Culture. Hanoi: World Publisher.
Vollebergh, W. A. M., Iedema, J., & Raaijmakers, Q. A. W. (2001). Intergenerational transmission and the formation of cultural orientations in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63, 1185-1198.
Whitbeck, L. B., & Gecas, V. (1988). Value attributions and value transmission between parents and children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 829-840.
Xuan N. D. (2009). 700 years of Thuan Hoa - Phu Xuan - Hue. Vietnam: The Publishing House Co. Ltd.
Copyright: © Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk This is an Open Access journal, all articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top