Sexual activity of pregnant Polish women and the assessment of the marital relation quality
More details
Hide details
Submission date: 2014-02-06
Acceptance date: 2014-02-06
Online publication date: 2014-02-04
Publication date: 2014-01-31
Health Psychology Report 2013;1(1):9–17
The aim of the research was to present sexual functioning of pregnant women in terms of their assessment of the sexual life and marital relation. The study included 61 pregnant women (31 with high-risk pregnancy and 30 with a normal course of pregnancy), aged on average 28.5 years and pregnant on average for 27.5 weeks.

Participants and procedure
The study was based on the sociodemographic questionnaire The Female Sexual Function Questionnaire, SFQ28 (designed by Quirk et al., 2005), the Sexual Quality of Life Questionnaire – Female Version, SQoL-F (designed by Symonds et al., 2005), and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, DAS (designed by Cieślak, 1989).

The obtained results reveal changes in sexual functioning during pregnancy, mostly in terms of desire and excitement. The groups differed significantly in terms of sexual activity. Women with pathological pregnancy obtained lower results on the scales of desire, arousal, orgasm and satisfaction with sexual relationship. With every subsequent pregnancy week, both groups obtained lower results on the scales of arousal, orgasm and satisfaction with sexual activity. Neither pregnancy nor its length was related to the assessment of satisfaction with marital relation.

The conducted data analysis indicates that the subjective assessment of sexual life is related to the assessment of marital relation on the scale of emotional expression and relation coherence. No relation of sexual activity and sexual life with the assessment of the quality of marital relation was proved. However, the assessment of sexual life is related significantly to the assessment of the quality of marital relation.
Bancroft, J. (2011). Seksualność człowieka [Human Sexuality]. Wrocław: Elsevier Urban & Partner.
Bartellas, E., Crane, J.M., Daley, M., Bennet, K.A. & Hutchens, D. (2000). Sexuality and activity in pregnancy. BJOG, 107, 964-968.
Cieślak, K. (1989). Polska Wersja Skali G.B. Spaniera służąca do pomiaru jakości związku małżeńskiego (DAS). Przegląd Psychologiczny, 32, 1042-1049.
Erenel, A.S., Eroglu, K., Vural, G., Dilbaz, B. (2011). A Pilot Study: In What Ways Do Women in Turkey Experience a Change in Their Sexuality During Pregnancy? Sex Disabillities, 29, 207-216.
Kitzinger, S. (1983). Woman’s experience of sex. London: Dorling Kindersley Limited.
Lepiarz, A. (2010). Zmiany psychiczne doświadczane przez kobiety oczekujące narodzin dziecka. Ginekologia Praktyczna,1, 54-57.
Lew-Starowicz, M. & Rola, R. (2012). Jakość życia seksualnego u kobiet chorujących na stwardnienie rozsiane. Przegląd Menopauzalny, 5, 381-387.
Lew-Starowicz, M. & Lew-Starowicz, Z. (2001). Seksualność Polek. Przegląd Menopauzalny, 5, 64-75.
Lew-Starowicz, Z. (1991). Kobieta i Eros [Woman and Eros]. Warszawa: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich.
Lew-Starowicz, Z. & Skrzypulec, V. (2010). Podstawy seksuologii [Basis of Sexology]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL.
Makara-Studzińska, M., Wdowiak, A., Plewik, I. & Kryś, K. (2011). Seksualność kobiet w ciąży. Seksuologia Polska, 9, 85-90.
Murtagh, J. (2010). Female sexual function, dysfunction, and pregnancy. Implications for practice. Journal of Midwifery & Woman’s Health, 55, 438-446.
Quirk, F., Haughie, S. & Symonds, T. (2005). The use of the Sexual Functioning Questionnaire as a screening tool for women with sexual dysfunction. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 4, 469-446.
Quirk, F., Heiman, J.R., Rosen, R.C., Laan, E., Smith, M.D. & Boolell, M.D. (2002). Development of the Sexual Function Questionnaire for Clinical Trials of Female Sexual Dysfunction. Journal of Women’s Health & Gender-based Medicine, 11, 277-289.
Reiss, S., Birnbaum, D.F., Safir, G.E. & Marilyn, P. (2012). Changes in sexual experiences and relationship quality during pregnancy. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1241-1251.
Rosen, R.C. & Barski, J.L. (2006). Normal sexual response in women. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 33, 515-52.
Rostowski, J. (1987). Zarys psychologii małżeństwa [Basics of Marriage Psychology]. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Ryś, M. (1999). Psychologia małżeństwa w zarysie [The Psychology of Marriage: Basic Issues]. Warszawa: Centrum Metodyczne Pomocy Psychologiczno-Pedagogicznej Ministerstwa Edukacji Narodowej.
Smoliński, R. (2010). Seksualność kobiet w ciąży i połogu. In: Z. Lew-Starowicz & V. Skrzypulec (eds.). Podstawy seksuologii [Basis of sexology]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL.
Spanier, G.B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 38, 15-28.
Sternberg, R.J. & Hojjat, M. (1997). Satisfaction in close relationships. New York: Guilford Press.
Sydow, K. (1999). Sexuality during pregnancy and after childbirth: a metacontent analysis of 59 studies. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 47, 27-49.
Symonds, T., Boolell, M., Quirk, F. (2005). Development of a questionnaire in Sexual Quality of Life in Women. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 31, 385-397.
Trutnovsky, G., Haas, J., Lang, U. & Petru, E. (2006). Women’s perception of sexuality during pregnancy and after birth. Australian and new Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 46, 282-287.
Copyright: © Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk This is an Open Access journal, all articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.