Control cognitions as predictors of distress in a cross-cultural context
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Submission date: 2014-06-02
Final revision date: 2014-09-24
Acceptance date: 2014-09-24
Online publication date: 2014-10-29
Publication date: 2014-10-29
Health Psychology Report 2014;2(4):227–236
Negative psychological states as well as happiness belong to universal human experience; however, research findings reveal interindividual and intercultural differences in their symptoms and effective ways of coping. The aim of this article is to analyze the experience of distress in a cultural perspective with special focus on the relationship with control cognitions. Models of agency and Michel’s theory of uncertainty are used to interpret differences in attitude toward ambiguity and subjective need of control, indicated by preliminary cross-cultural studies. Finally, practical implications of the findings are discussed, pointing out that effectiveness of commonly used psychological interventions, based on the change in control beliefs, may not be universal.
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