A review of stress management interventions for the oncology nursing workforce: What do we know and what should we be doing differently?
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Centre for Contextual Behavioural Science, University of Chester, Chester, United Kingdom
Submission date: 2020-05-16
Final revision date: 2020-09-27
Acceptance date: 2020-09-28
Online publication date: 2020-11-09
Publication date: 2020-11-09
Health Psychology Report 2021;9(4):289–307
Oncology nurses are at risk of chronic stress. In this narrative review we provide an overview of stress man-agement intervention studies for oncology nurses, and suggest that Acceptance and Commitment Thera-py/Training (ACT) provides a better intervention framework due to the relevance of underpinning therapeutic processes (e.g. acceptance, mindfulness, values clarification) to the role and stress-related experiences of this workforce population. Current evidence for the effectiveness of stress management intervention varies, with few studies describing how theory informs intervention content, or justifying why they should benefit this popu-lation specifically. ACT lends itself to data-driven intervention development, thus potentially addressing some methodological limitations in this field. Only one trial has tested ACT in this population, reporting only partial effects. Further empirical research is required given (a) the applicability of ACT for this population and context, and (b) the associated advantages of brief and/or group delivery to address known barriers to participating in stress management interventions.
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