Prevalence of and demographic factors associated with domestic violence among Iranian older adults: the results of Urban HEART-2
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Submission date: 2018-11-29
Final revision date: 2018-12-15
Acceptance date: 2018-12-28
Online publication date: 2019-01-30
Publication date: 2019-01-30
Health Psychology Report 2019;7(1):81–85
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and demographic factors associated with domestic violence among Iranian older adults based on the Urban HEART-2 project in Tehran, Iran. The study was a part of the second round of the Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART-2) project, which was a large, population-based, cross-sectional study. Individuals aged ≥ 60 years were selected randomly through a multistage, cluster sampling method from 368 neighborhoods of 22 districts of Tehran. A total of 15,069 older adults, 79% married and 45.22% female, were included in the study. The mean age of the participants was 68.93 ± 7.27 years. The overall prevalence of physical domestic violence was 2.32%. Factors such as age, gender, schooling, and having a disability were significantly associated with domestic violence (p < .05). These results are likely to be an underestimate of what really happens in the community, as many authors have men-tioned previously. Therefore, it is necessary to broaden our perspectives on the phenomenon of domestic vio-lence against the elderly, especially in the fields of public health and nursing.
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