Vietnamese version of the Dual Filial Piety Scale: preliminary validation in a student sample
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VNU University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Institute of Psychology, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Hanoi, Vietnam
Submission date: 2020-01-07
Final revision date: 2020-03-26
Acceptance date: 2020-03-29
Online publication date: 2020-05-14
Publication date: 2020-05-14
Health Psychology Report 2020;8(3):263-272
Filial piety is a concept containing important ideas about how children should treat their parents. Its demands range from material to emotional requirements, and its structures are often generalized to apply to authority relationships beyond the family. The 16-item Dual Filial Piety Scale (DFPS) developed by Yeh and Bedford has been used in different cultural groups to measure individuals’ filial piety attitude. The present investigation translated the DFPS into the Vietnamese language (DFPS-V) and examined psychometric qualities of the scale in a sample of students in Vietnam in two studies.

Participants and procedure:
In Study 1 we focused on exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis, using a sample of Vietnamese students (N = 573). Study 2 (N = 300) was designed to confirm the factor structure of the scale and provide evi-dence of validity involving correlates of the resulting survey’s scores.

The results confirmed a two-dimensional structure of the scale and indicated satisfactory internal consistency. Additionally, validity of the scale was supported, as it was shown to be associated with positive and negative reciprocity norms.

In conclusion, the Vietnamese version of the DFPS has been shown to be a valid and reliable scale that can be used to measure reciprocal and authoritarian filial piety in future studies.

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